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 MCQs on Nerve and Muscle Physiology with their answers

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مُساهمةموضوع: MCQs on Nerve and Muscle Physiology with their answers   الأربعاء مايو 31, 2017 2:02 pm

Choose the best ( √ )answer:


1- The energy of muscle contraction is derived from the following except:
a- ATP.
b- muscle glycogen.
c- lactic acid.
d- Creatine phosphate.


2- The frequency needed to produce tetanus:
a- is increased by cooling.
b- is decreased in red muscles.
c- is increased in fatigue.
d- is decreased in the pale muscles.


3- Depolarization:
a- is associated with increase in membrane permeability to Na+.
b- is terminated with closure of voltage activated K+ channels.
c- is followed by muscle relaxation.
d- is caused by K+ efflux.


4- Action potential:
a- is a graded potential.
b- is produced by sub threshold stimulus.
c- starts with repolarization caused by outward movement of Cl-.
d- is conducted slower in thin nerve fibers.


5- RMP of a nerve:
a- is caused by equal distribution of ions along both sides of the membrane.
b- is caused by selective permeability of the membrane to the ions.
c- Na+ - K+ pump has no role in RMP.
d- is caused mainly by inward movement of Na+ ions.


6- As regard conduction of action potential in a nerve:
a- in thick myelinated nerve fibers can reach up to 120 meter / second.
b- can be increased by increase calcium.
c- can be increased by cooling.
d- is conducted with decrement.


7- Pale (fast) fiber:
a- contains much blood capillaries.
b- doesn't show fatigue.
c- contains low concentration of myoglobin.
d- depends on aerobic oxidation.


8- About cellular sheath ( sheath of Schwann):
a- It acts as an electric insulator around the nerve fiber.
b- It surrounds the axons of all neurons inside and outside the CNS.
c- It is responsible for the color of the white matter of the spinal cord.
d- It is essential for regeneration of the damaged verve fibers.


9- Myelin sheath:
a- Present in the myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers.
b- Formed of lipoprotein complex and acts as electric insulator.
c- It is formed of successive wrappings of the membrane of Schwann cells.
d- It is the cause of decreased conduction of nerve impulse.


10- Chronaxia:
a- is the minimal stimulus which produce response after relatively long time.
b- is the minimal time needed by the strong stimulus to produce response.
c- is the time required to stimulate the nerve by a minimal stimulus.
d- is the time required to stimulate the nerve by a stimulus which is double rheobase.


11- During depolarization:
a- voltage activated Na+ channels open.
b- the membrane becomes impermeable to Na+.
c- when membrane potential reaches -55 m.v Na+& K+ fluxes occur at the same time.
d- K+ ions diffuse outside.


12- The resting membrane potential is caused by:
a- Diffusion of K+
ions outside the nerve fibers.
b- Diffusion of Na+ ions inside the nerve fibers.
c- Opening of the chemically activated ion channels.
d- Opening of the voltage activated ion channels.


13- To measure resting membrane potential:
a- We use a special voltmeter or cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO).
b- We put the two electrodes outside the nerve fiber.
c- We stimulate the nerve by an effective stimulus.
d- We put the two electrodes inside the nerve fiber.


14- Repolarization:
a- Occurs at first gradual then becomes fast.
b- Results from closure of sodium gates and opening of potassium gates.
c- is represented by the ascending limb of the spike.
d- is followed by appearance of response.


15- Continuous conduction:
a- occurs in myelinated nerve fibers.
b- occurs by jumping of charges from one node of Ranvier to another.
c- is relatively slow 0.5-2.0 meter / second.
d- occurs in the neuro-muscular junction.


16- Saltatory conduction:
a- occurs in unmyelinated nerve fibers.
b- may reach up to 120 meter / second.
c- occurs by jumping from one neuron to another.
d- decreases gradually with distance till it disappears.


17- In monophasic action potential:
a- One electrode is put inside and the other is put outside the same nerve fiber.
b- The spike is a large wave of short duration.
c- The spike is followed by positive after potential then negative after potential.
d- The ascending limb of the spike is due to K+ efflux.


18- Local excitatory state is characterized by the following except:
a- its magnitude is directly proportional with the intensity of the sub-minimal stimulus.
b- does not obey all or non rule.
c- can be summated.
d- propagated without decrement.


19- About A fibers all are true except:
a- They have the greatest diameter.
b- They conduct impulses with the greatest velocity (10-120 met./sec)
c- They include somatic sensory and motor fibers.
d- They are very sensitive to local anesthetic drugs.


20- In all or non rule:
a- A minimal stimulus produces a maximal response.
b- The response in a single nerve fiber increases with increase intensity of stimulus.
c- The nerve trunk either respond maximally or not respond at all.
d- Minimal stimulus produces minimal response.


21- Excitation contraction coupling involves all the following except:
a- Release of Ca++ from troponin.
b- Formation of cross bridges between actin and myosin.
c- Spread of depolarization along the transverse tubules.
d- Hydrolysis of ATP to ADP.


22- Muscle fatigue is due to:
a- Inability of the action potential to spread over the muscle.
b- Failure of transmission in the motor nerve.
c- Failure of neuro-muscular transmission.
d- Depletion of energy stores.


23- An-electrotonus :
a- is a localized area of depolarization.
b- results from stimulation by effective galvanic current .
c- is associated with decreased excitability.
d- used to stimulate the nerve fibers


24- Nerve block is produced by:
a- Sever cooling.
b- Strong catelectrotonus.
c- Decrease Ca++ ions.
d- Increased Na+ ions.


25- Which of the following has the lowest conduction velocity:
a- A α fibers.
b- A β fibers.
c- B fibers.
d- C fibers.


26- The function of tropomyosin in skeletal muscle include:
a- binding to myosin during contraction
b- acting as a relaxing protein at rest by covering the binding sites on actin.
c- sliding on actin to produce shortening.
d- releasing Ca++ after propagation of action potential.


27- Contraction of skeletal muscles:
a- produces more work when the muscle contracts isometrically than when the muscle
contracts isotonically.
b- depends on external Ca++.
c- decrease in magnitude with rapid repeated stimulation.
d- does not depend on action potential.


28- The motor end plate potential is produced by:
a- opening of Na+ channels.
b- opening of Na+ channels then opening of K+ channels.
c- opening of Na+ and K+ channels at the same time.
d- opening of Ca++ channels.


29- Nerve block is produced by all the following except:
a- local anesthetics.
b- excessive cooling.
c- deep pressure.
d- strong cat-electrotonus.


30- As regard neuro-muscular transmission all are true except:
a- it shows fatigue due to depletion of acetylcholine vesicles.
b- occurs from nerve to muscle i.e. one way conduction.
c- it is stimulated by succinyl choline.
d- it is blocked by botulinum toxins.


31- Red ( slow ) fibers are characterized by the following except:
a- contains much blood capillaries.
b- glycogen stores is low.
c- contains high concentration of myoglobin.
d- depends on anaerobic oxidation.


32- Neuromuscular transmission is blocked by:
a- prostigmine .
b- increase Ca++ ions.
c- acetylcholine .
d- succinylcholine.


33- All about the Sarcomere are true except:
a- is the distance between myosin and actin.
b- is the distance between two Z membranes.
c- is the contractile unite of the muscle.
d- shorten when the muscle contracts.


34- Excitability of nerve fibers:
a- is increased by decreased temperature.
b- is increased by decreased Na+.
c- is decreased by decrease Ca++ ions.
d- is completely lost by local anesthetic drugs.

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MCQs on Nerve and Muscle Physiology with their answers
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